Etiquette Of Completing the Qurâ€™an
Below is an abridged extract from Imam an-Nawawi, taken from his book, â€śTibyan fi Adab Hamalutul Qur'anâ€ť under the section of â€śThe Etiquette of Completing the Quran.â€ť
â€śThere are several issues concerning completing the recitation of the Qur'an;
1. When to complete: The first etiquette concerns its timing. As previously mentioned, it is preferable for someone reciting the Qur'an on his own that (it is completed) during the Prayer. Some have preferred for it to occur in the two sunnah rak'ah of Fajr or the two sunnah rak'ah of Maghrib or Fajr prayer itself as being the best (times). Others have preferred for the completion of the Qur'an to occur in the beginning of the day for one turn (of recitation) and at the end of the day for next turn. When someone completes the recitation outside of Prayer or a group completes while assembled together, it is recommended that it be at the beginning of the day or in the beginning of the night, as we previously mentioned. According to some scholars, though, the beginning of the day is better.
2. Fasting the day of completion: It is recommended to fast the very day of the completion unless it falls on a day in which it is forbidden to fast according to the Shari'ah. Ibn Abi Dawud related with an authentic chain that Talha ibn Mutrif, Habib ibn Abi Thabit and al-Musayyib bin Raif' (all Tabi'een (successors) from Kufa - May Allah be pleased with them all - would fast on the days they would complete the Qur'an (i.e. in the state of fasting).
3. Congregating for the completion: It is recommended to attend gatherings in which the completion takes place (in order to partake in the duas made). It has been established in the two Sahih collections (Bukhari and Muslim), â€śThe Messenger of Allah (saw) ordered women during their menses to go out on Eid to witness the goodness and the supplications of the Muslims.â€ť
Darimi and Ibn Abi Dawud related with their chains of narration (Allah be pleased with them both) that Ibn Abbas (ra) would make a person watch over someone finishing the Quran, and when he wanted to finish, he would inform Ibn Abbas so he could witness (and participate in) it. Ibn Abi Dawud related with two authentic chains of narration that Qatada, the illustrious Successor and companion of Anas (ra), said, â€śWhen Anas ibn Malik (Allah be pleased with him) would complete (the Quran) he would gather his family and supplicate [to God].â€ť He [also] related with an authentic chain that al- Hakam ibn Utaybah, the illustrious Successor, said, â€śMujahid and Utayba Ibn Lubaba sent for me and said, â€śWe sent for you because we want to finish the Quran and the supplication when finishing the Quran is answered.â€ťâ€ś In other authentic narrations he would say, â€śIndeed, mercy descends when completing the Quran.â€ť [And] he related with an authentic chain from Mujahid that he said, â€śThey would gather when completing the Quran, saying that, â€śmercy (now) descends.â€ť
4. The supplication: It is desirable to supplicate immediately after a completion because of what we have just mentioned in the previous issue. Darimi related with his chain of transmitters that Humayd al-A'raj said, â€śWhoever recites the Quran and then supplicates, four thousand angels say â€śAmin!â€ť to his supplication.â€ť One should be persistent in his supplication and ask for important matters. He should [supplicate] much for the well-being of the Muslims, their leadership, and all others who attend to their affairs. Al-Hakim Abu Abdallah al-Nisaburi has related with his chain of narration that when Abdallah ibn al-Mubarak (Allah be pleased with him) would finish the Quran, he would make a great deal of his supplication for the Muslims and (both) male and female Believers.
5. Starting again: When he finishes the completion, it is recommended for him to begin the next (round of recitation) immediately after it. The (righteous among) the early generations recommended this. They justified their position by way of a hadith of Anas (ra) that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, â€śThe best of works are al-Hal and Rahlah. â€ś It was asked, â€śWhat are they?â€ť He (saw) said, â€śStarting the Qur'an and completing it.â€ť (Tirmidhi)